The Militarization of AI

Sep 01, 2019 | Srivats Shankar

The United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs Releases the Report on the Militarization of AI

The United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs has released a report titled “Militarization of Artificial Intelligence” that comes in pursuance of Secretary-General Guterres’ agenda on disarmament in his discussion for Securing Our Common Future. The report addresses the development of artificial intelligence (AI) and its application to military operations.

The first perspective included in the report broadly addresses three areas:

  • potential risks of military application of AI
  • potential benefits of military application of AI
  • potential governments of military applications of AI

The report acknowledges the growing development of military is relying on AI to assist with decision-making, especially in simplifying decision-making. However, at the same time the report notes that it can limit transparency and accountability, while at the same time remains vulnerable to security issues. In particular, the report acknowledges the danger of lethal autonomous weapons systems. The benefits largely remain automating mundane tasks, which would otherwise require human intervention.

However, the primary focus remains the potential to achieve a multilateral agreement and what such an agreement would look like. Further, it also raises concerns on the ability for such an agreement to address concerns sufficiently, so that revisiting such an agreement would not need to take place immediately.

The report also contains discussions on the implementation of AI to nuclear weapons, the dangers it poses to international peace and security, and perspectives from different countries.



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Artificial General Intelligence

/ˌɑːtɪfɪʃl ˈdʒɛn(ə)r(ə)l ɪnˈtelɪɡəns/

Artificial Intelligence

/ˌɑːtɪfɪʃl ɪnˈtelɪɡəns/

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